Most of the graffiti in the theme 'rights' communicated about the women's rights. Second most frequent theme was about the right to activism. There were also graffiti relating to ethnic and racial rights, animal rights and prisioners' rights.

Women's rights graffiti is a great example of the ideas of the ideological community of Phillips (1999). It aims transforming and influencing society with its graffiti. According to Phillips, the ideological community is described as believing that change in society is possible. The community paint comprehensible and easy-to-read graffiti. Therefore, most of the graffiti is in their native language containing very little cryptic images or codes. In this way, the community wants to communicate in the public clearly and intelligibly.

The ideology of the women's rights graffiti were clear. According to the messages found in the research material, the Spanish society favours men in politics, law-making and in culture. Moreover, the amount and the content of the women's rights graffiti can be seen as a sign that women's interest in politics has increased. For a long time, women's interest in politics have been considerably lower than men in Spain (see Calvo & Martín 2009: 499). Also, placing graffiti in certain neighbourhoods indicates that women have knowledge of ​​the effects of graffiti repetition and location. For example, Lavapiés in Madrid is known as an area where there are many women's rights activists. Therefore, it is logical that this neighbourhood was the most frequent location for women's rights graffiti in Madrid.

Generally public space is seen as a gendered state, where mostly male architects design cities and buildings and where men are active. Men are present on the streets, terraces, and they create graffiti (see Miles 2000: 258). However, based on this research, women have moved to these masculine areas and graffiti has re-shaped streets into a meaningful space for them to identify as women.

women's rights
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